Neuro-Surgery

[Headed By: Dr. Sanjeev Gupta, Dr. Anil Gupta]

Neuro-Surgery is the surgical specialty involved in the treatment of disorders of the brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. Ajay Pratima Hospital's Neuroscience Program provides high-level, advanced care closer to home for the patients. Our experienced neurologists and neurosurgeons diagnose and treat conditions affecting the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves and muscles. The word neurosurgery is derived from the words ‘neuro’ and ‘surgery.’ ‘Neuro’ refers to the nervous system.  Neurosurgery is therefore the discipline of treating neurological diseases with surgery.
 

What Is The Nervous System?

The nervous system is formed by the:
  • Brain
  • Spinal cord and
  • Peripheral nerves
The brain is the command center of the body; it controls the body, our movements and our sensations as well as our understanding and speech. Peripheral nerves bring the information from the eyes, ears, face, arms, legs and the rest of the body to the brain. They also take the orders from the brain to the muscles of the face, arms, legs and the rest of the body. This allows us to speak and move. These nerves act like electric wires that take information to and from the brain.
 
On their way to and from the brain most of these cables pass through the spinal cord, which is protected by the spine and the vertebrae. The brain contains and is surrounded by special fluid known as cerebro spinal fluid or CSF.  This fluid acts as a shock absorber. The cavities inside the brain that contain this fluid are known as ventricles. The brain depends on the blood to give it oxygen and sugar; four major blood vessels take the blood to the brain. Two are located in the front and are known as carotid arteries. The two in the back are known as vertebral arteries.
 
The spine is formed of vertebrae. These are the solid building blocks of the spine. Disks are softer and smaller than vertebrae. They are located in between vertebrae. They allow the great mobility of the spine. Nerves take off in between the vertebrae to go to the arms, chest, abdomen, pelvis and legs to convey the messages of the brain and to bring back different sensations to the brain.